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Disposable solid-contact ion-selective electrodes for environmental monitoring of lead with ppb limit-of-detection

Authors
Journal
Electrochimica Acta
0013-4686
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
73
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.10.089
Keywords
  • Ion-Selective Electrode
  • Pb2+
  • Electrochemical Sensors
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Wireless Sensor Networks
  • Screen Printing
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract Solid-contact Pb2+-selective-electrodes and solid contact reference electrodes suitable for use as disposable sensing devices for environmental monitoring of lead have been prepared on screen-printed substrates. Accurate control over the fabrication procedures leads to excellent reproducibility of their calibration characteristics such as slope, offset and limit of detection. In particular, the limit of detection in the nanomolar range opens the possibility of their use for trace analysis of Pb2+ in environmental water samples. Significantly, the potentiometric measurements correlate well with data determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in a number of real samples taken from local rivers. Ways in which these sensors might be employed in autonomous platforms for monitoring water quality in situ are discussed. The possibility of including arrays of virtually identical sensors is highlighted as a possible route to achieve long-term deployments.

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