Abstract In a previous study, in which fertilized DBA ova were transferred into an autoimmune female, and NZB ova were transferred into a non-autoimmune female, we found that (1) the maternal environment affected the degree of autoimmunity, (2) the incidence of cortical ectopias was not affected by the maternal environment (3) DBA and NZB females had greater paw asymmetry if reared in an autoimmune uterus, and (4) avoidance learning scores were inversely related to degree of autoimmunity. In the present experiment, reciprocal crosses of DBA and BXSB mice were studied to confirm and extend the original findings. DB mice (DBA female × BXSB male) had greater immune activity than the BD animals, had poorer avoidance learning, but were better on black-white discrimination learning and the Lashley III maze. The BD mice had greater paw asymmetry. Only one of 38 animals had a cortical ectopia. The results lead to the following conclusions: (1) there is an inverse relationship between amount of immune activity and active avoidance learning; (2) some uterine factor in autoimmune mice causes females to have greater paw asymmetry; (3) cortical ectopias are under genetic control; and (4) the lesser immune activity of the BD mice suggests that they developed a suppressor system following early exposure to autoimmunity in the uterine/maternal environment.