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Thermostable Amylolytic Enzymes from a New Clostridium Isolate

Authors
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Physiology And Biotechnology
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

A new Clostridium strain was isolated on starch at 60°C. Starch, pullulan, maltotriose, and maltose induced the synthesis of α-amylase and pullulanase, while glucose, ribose, fructose, and lactose did not. The formation of the amylolytic enzymes was dependent on growth and occurred predominantly in the exponential phase. The enzymes were largely cell bound during growth of the organism with 0.5% starch, but an increase of the starch concentration in the growth medium was accompanied by the excretion of α-amylase and pullulanase into the culture broth; but also by a decrease of total activity. α-Amylase, pullulanase, and α-glucosidase were active in a broad temperature range (40 to 85°C) and displayed temperature optima for activity at 60 to 70°C. During incubation with starch under aerobic conditions at 75°C for 2 h, the activity of both enzymes decreased to only 90 or 80%. The apparent Km values of α-amylase, pullulanase, and α-glucosidase for their corresponding substrates, starch, pullulan, and maltose were 0.35 mg/ml, 0.63 mg/ml, and 25 mM, respectively.

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