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Equine encephalomyelitis (western type) in children:Report of cases with residual atrophy of the brain

Authors
Journal
The Journal of Pediatrics
0022-3476
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3476(40)80188-1

Abstract

Summary Two cases of equine encephalomyelitis (western strain) in infants are reported. Specific antiviral substance was demonstrated in the blood in both. Both cases presented permanent nervous sequelae as a result of the infection. These consisted of cerebral atrophy with overlapping of the cranial bones, mental deterioration, and apparent blindness and deafness in the first patient; mental deterioration with partial hemiplegia and speech defect in the second. Reports of other cases in the literature are reviewed and tabulated.

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