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Application of prebending effect to high strength Nb3Sn strands

Fusion Engineering and Design
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2006.07.058
  • Nb3Sn
  • Bending Strain
  • N-Value
  • Critical Current
  • Triplet Cable
  • Physics


Abstract It is reported that the repeated bending loads at room temperature for Nb 3 Sn wires, which show the strain dependence of superconducting properties, cause the large enhancement of a critical current, an upper critical field and a critical temperature. Those phenomena are so called “prebending effect”. It is considered that the enhancement effect is associated with the reduction of the residual strain state for Nb 3 Sn wires. In order to apply the prebending treatment to a react-and-wind processed Nb 3 Sn superconducting magnet, repeatedly bent Nb 3 Sn wires with bending strains up to 1.0% were fabricated by using pulleys, and were confirmed to demonstrate the large enhancement of the critical current in spite of the bending strain of 0.5%. From these experimental results, we intended to fabricate the high strength Nb 3 Sn strands applying the prebending effect for the cabling conductor. As a first step, we prepared triplet cables using prebent CuNb/Nb 3 Sn and Cu/Nb 3 Sn strands and evaluated critical currents and n-values of each strand. The prebent Nb 3 Sn strands show the large enhancement of critical current I c even after the cabling process. Hence, it is expected that the prebent high strength Nb 3 Sn strands may be useful for the cabling conductors.

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