Resistant plant introductions, PI 230977 and PI 200538, and partially resistant Jackson and susceptible CNS were evaluated for seed yield in response to races 1 and 2 of Meloidogyne arenaria. Initial soil population densities (Pi) of the nematode were 0, 31, 125, and 500 eggs/100 cm³ soil. At the highest Pi, yield suppressions of CNS, Jackson, PI 230977, and PI 200538 were 55, 28, 31, and 29%, and 99, 86, 66, and 58% for races 1 and 2 compared with uninfested controls. Numbers of second-stage juveniles (J2) present in roots 14 days after planting increased as Pi increased, but did not differ between the two races. At the highest Pi, fewer race 1 (40-57%) and race 2 (53-68%) J2 were present in roots of the plant introductions than in roots of Jackson. Soil population densities of race 1 J2 at 135 days after planting were 83-89% lower on the resistant genotypes than on CNS. These numbers did not differ for race 2. Reproductive factors were considerably higher for race 2 compared to race 1 for all genotype by Pi combinations, except for CNS at the highest Pi. Key words: aggressiveness, Glycine max, Meloidogyne arenaria, microplots, nematode, plant introduction, resistance, root-knot nematode, soybean, yield response.