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Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Pulmonary Medicine
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1155/2013/645747
  • Editorial
  • Medicine


Hindawi Publishing Corporation Pulmonary Medicine Volume 2013, Article ID 645747, 1 page Editorial Pulmonary Tuberculosis Anete Trajman,1,2 José R. Lapa e Silva,3,4 Margareth Dalcolmo,5 and Jonathan E. Golub6 1 Gama Filho University, Rua Manoel Vitorino 553, Pre´dio AG, 5∘ andar, 20740-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 2 Chest Institute, McGill University, 3650 St. Urbain Street, Montreal, PQ, Canada H2X 2P4 3 Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Professor Rodolpho Paulo Rocco 255, 21941-913 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 4 Center for Global Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, USA 5 Centro de Refereˆncia Professor Helio Fraga, FIOCRUZ, Estrada de Curicica 2000, CEP 22780-192 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 6 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for TB Research, 1550 Orleans Street, CRB-2, Room 1M.10, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA Correspondence should be addressed to Anete Trajman; [email protected] Received 24 February 2013; Accepted 24 February 2013 Copyright © 2013 Anete Trajman et al.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major killer worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2011, there were 8.7 million incident cases of TB, 1.4 million deaths from TB including 0.43 million deaths from HIV-associated TB. In recent years, after a century of stagnation, new diagnostic technologies have been developed, and they are already being scaled up in some high-burden countries. Likewise, new drugs and regimens to treat TB are being evaluated, and the development of new vaccines is also progressing. However, despite the hope for reduced transmission with earlier detection and effective treatment, new cases continue to emerge from latently infected indivi

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