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Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness properties of advanced textile fibreglass composites

Authors
Journal
Composites Part A Applied Science and Manufacturing
1359-835X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
30
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1359-835x(98)00197-3
Keywords
  • A. Fabrics Textile
  • E. Braiding
  • E. Knitting
  • E. Stitching

Abstract

Abstract The Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness properties of vinyl ester-based composites reinforced with fibreglass manufactured by the advanced textile technologies of braiding, knitting, stitching and through-the-thickness weaving are assessed in comparison to a variety of traditional composites made from fibreglass such as unidirectional or woven rovings. The interlaminar fracture toughness ( G Ic) of braided and knitted composites are higher than traditional composites by factors of more than two and four, respectively. Toughening in these textile composites was caused by extensive crack branching as the interlaminar crack was forced to follow a tortuous path through the complex fibre architectures. The G Ic values of the composites reinforced in the through-thickness direction by weaving or stitching were higher than traditional composites by factors of nearly two and three, respectively, with the main toughening mechanism being crack bridging by the through-thickness binder yarns/stitches. A review of Mode I interlaminar fracture data collected from papers shows that advanced textile techniques are capable of manufacturing composites with substantially improved delamination resistance.

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