Abstract A dot-blot hybridization immunoenzymatic assay with a chemiluminescent endpoint was developed for the rapid and sensitive detection of viral and plasmid DNAs. Digoxigenin-labeled probes were used to detect cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19, and plasmid pBR328 DNAs. Hybridized probes were immunoenzy-matically visualized by anti-digoxigenin Fab fragments labeled with alkaline phosphatase, and adamantyl 1,2-dioxetane phenyl phosphate was used as chemiluminescent substrate. Results were recorded by instant photographic films. The chemiluminescent hybridization assay was performed in about 8 hr and was able to detect as little as 50-10 fg of homologous target DNA.