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Carbon labelling of grocery products: public perceptions and potential emissions reductions

Journal of Cleaner Production
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  • Ecology
  • Geography
  • Political Science


doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.12.001 Overcoming barriers to the implementation of alternative fuels for road transport in Europe Therese Steenberghen , Elena Lopez SADL, K.U. Leuven R&D, Celestijnenlaan 200E, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium TRANSyT-UPM, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Av. Professor Aranguren, sin, ETISCCP, 28040 Madrid, Spain Abstract The success of implementing alternative fuels for road transport depends on their cost, performance and reliability. This paper focuses on the use of natural gas and LPG, hydrogen and biofuels in Europe. A brief presentation is given of their technical development status, their market potential, and barriers to their implementation in various market segments. Some market barriers are common to many new technologies, and can be overcome through adequate policy measures at European level. Generally, a combination of policies is required, and a number of supporting measures increase their effectiveness. The following policies affecting energy use in transport are discussed: market incentives, policies targeting technology and vehicle efficiency, and overall system improvement. Keywords: Market incentives; Barriers to implementation; Alternative fuels; Transport; Energy policy 1. Introduction Security of energy supply, environmental sustainability and competitiveness are three main objectives of the European Union (EU) Energy policy [1,2]. To reconcile these highly in- terrelated objectives, integrated strategies are needed to invest in cleaner and more sustainable energy. These require strong support and guidance from the EU and national governments to take advantage of the synergies and deal with the inevitable trade-offs between the aforementioned objectives [3]. Transport has become the largest consumer of energy at the EU level, accounting for over 30% or final energy consump- tion in the EU-25 [3]. The share of this energy imported from third countries is increasing; with continuation of the current trends, by 203

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