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Cniversity of Windsor
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INFORMAL LOGIC XV!.3, Fall 1994 Book Abstracts Feldman, Richard ( 1993). Reason & Argu- ment. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-767229-2. Reason & Argument is a textbook for rea- soning, critical thinking, and informal logic courses. It contains three main sections. The first introduces the conceptual background necessary for understanding and analyzing arguments. It includes discussions of epis- temological concepts used in describing and evaluating arguments. This section ad- dresses the naively relativistic ideas of many students which interfere with their ability to reason well. The second main section presents a general method for identifying, reconstructing, and evaluating arguments. The final section applies the method to re- alistic arguments about testimonial, statis- tical, causal, and moral issues. The method of argument analysis developed in the book discourages simplistic labeling and catego- rizing of arguments and encourages careful and constructive analysis. Freeman, James (1992). Thinking Logi- cally: Basic Concepts for Reasoning, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0-13-9051 IS-X. This informal logic text begins by distin- guishing three functions of language informati ve/expressi ve/directi ve - and discussing problems of meaning, includ- ing vagueness and ambiguity. Recogniz- ing arguments and their premises and con- clusions follows. Distinguishing the per- suasive force from the logically convinc- ing character of arguments leads to dis- cussing various emotional appeal fallacies including grandstanding, bandwagon, au- thority, ad hominem, ignorance, and slip- pery slope. A full step-by-step discussion of argument diagramming via a circle and arrow technique follows over the next two chapters. We then turn to three central is- sues in argument evaluation - premise acceptability, relevance, and adequate weight. The last includes both inductive and deductive considerations. For each issue we present gener

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