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Improved understanding of factors driving methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus epidemic waves

Authors
Journal
Clinical Epidemiology
1179-1349
Publisher
Dove Medical Press
Publication Date
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2147/clep.s37071
Keywords
  • Review
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Philosophy

Abstract

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections worldwide. Since the global spread of MRSA in the 1960s, MRSA strains have evolved with increased pathogenic potential. Notably, some strains are now capable of causing persistent infections not only in hospitalized patients but also in healthy individuals in the community. Furthermore, MRSA is increasingly associated with infections among livestock-associated workers, primarily because of transmission from animals to humans. Moreover, many MRSA strains have gained resistance to most available antibiotics. In this review, we will present current knowledge on MRSA epidemiology and discuss new endeavors being undertaken to understand better the molecular and epidemiological underpinnings of MRSA outbreaks.

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