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New insights regarding tissue Se and Hg interactions on oxidative stress from plasma IsoP and IsoF measures in the Canadian Inuit population

The Journal of Lipid Research
"American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Journal of Lipid Research"
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1194/jlr.m033068
  • Patient-Oriented And Epidemiological Research


Despite animal and in vitro studies demonstrating pro-oxidative effects of Hg, previous human work showed no relationship between tissue Hg and plasma levels of F2-isoprostanes (IsoPs), a whole-body oxidative stress marker. We hypothesized that another IsoP species, isofurans (IsoFs), was a more sensitive indicator of Hg-mediated oxidative stress, which can be modified by tissue Se status. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving individuals from a random subset (n = 233) of Inuit adults from a population-based survey (n = 2,595) of 36 Canadian Arctic Inuit communities to assess the relationships of plasma IsoPs to Se and Hg status indicators. F2-IsoPs were inversely correlated with blood Se (r = −0.186, P = 0.005) and toenail Se (r = −0.146, P = 0.044), but not correlated with Hg. IsoFs were inversely correlated with blood Se (r = −0.164, P = 0.014) and positively correlated with Hg (r = 0.228, P < 0.001) and Hg:Se (r = 0.340, P < 0.001). The strength of the correlations remained unchanged after multivariate adjustments. Multivariate analysis showed that F2-IsoPs were not positively associated with Hg but with Hg:Se (β = 0.148, P = 0.021). We conclude that Se and Hg status and their interactions are important factors modulating F2-IsoP and IsoF levels such that the Inuit may be protected from Hg-induced oxidative stress because of their high Se status.

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