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Static Detection of Thin Layers into Concrete with Ground Penetrating Radar

Authors
Keywords
  • Engineering
  • Concrete
  • IngéNierie
  • Radar
  • Gpr
  • Reflection
  • Ndt
  • Thin Layer
  • Computing & Technology :: Civil Engineering [C04]
  • Informatique & Technologie :: IngéNierie Civile [C04]

Abstract

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a nondestructive technique particularly well adapted to the inspection of concrete structures and can help to determine the structure inner geometry or to detect damaged areas. When the GPR is used on structures containing thin layers, for example the sealing layer of a concrete bridge deck or the void into a masonry wall, it is important for the radar user to know the minimum thickness required to detect and estimate the thickness of those layers. The theory of thin layer detection is based on a sine wave but, in reality, most commercial GPR systems emit a large frequency band wavelet, which undergoes attenuation into the layer. To analyze the influence of those realistic conditions on the reflection coefficient of a thin layer, we combined experimental measurements and numerical FDTD simulations. The experimental results matched the numerical predictions well, presenting a fast attenuation compared to the theoretical predictions. Nevertheless, for thicknesses inferior to λ/11, the reflection coefficient could still be considered as linearly dependent of the thickness to wavelength ratio.

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