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Epigenetic alterations of BRG1 leads to cancer development through its nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling abnormalities

Authors
Journal
Medical Hypotheses
0306-9877
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
67
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2006.05.032
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Summary SWI/SNF is a multiprotein chromatin remodeling complex important for gene regulation. BRG1 and its close relative BRM, have ATPase activity necessary for transcriptional regulation by conformational change of nucleosomes. Due to this role on gene expression, several members of SWI/SNF complex including BRG1 and BRM function as a tumor suppressor or negative regulator of cellular proliferation. On the other hand, the shuttling of proteins between nucleus and cytoplasm is strongly involved in the regulation of cell cycle and proliferation. Many of tumor suppressor gene (TSG)s including p53, BRCA1, ING1 play some of their functions through nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. Abnormalities related with this process abrogate the subcellular localization of the TSGs and lead to cancer development. We recently demonstrated BRG1 as a TSG in oral cancer. Our analysis also revealed an interesting finding that one of the splicing forms of BRG1 is selectively lost in cancer tissue as compared to normal counterparts. Our further analysis revealed a putative nuclear retention signal domain for this splicing form. In this article, we speculate the possible mechanism for the inactivation of BRG1 gene in oral cancer through an abnormality in its subcellular localization.

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