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Agricultural biotechnology for Developing Countries. Results of an electronic forum

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  • F30
  • A50
  • L10
  • Biotechnology
  • Crops
  • Forestry
  • Livestock
  • Fishery Management
  • Food Security
  • Legal Rights
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Micropropagation
  • In Vitro
  • Genetic Transformation
  • Biotechnologie
  • Plante De Culture
  • Foresterie
  • Betail
  • Gestion Des Peches
  • Securite Alimentaire
  • Protection Legale
  • Biotechnologie Vegetale
  • Transformation Genetique
  • Biotecnologia
  • Cultivos
  • Ciencias Forestales
  • Ganado
  • Administracion Pesquera
  • Seguridad Alimentaria
  • Proteccion Legal
  • Biotecnologia Vegetal
  • Micropropagacion
  • Transformacion Genetica
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Political Science


part4rev.p65 Part 4 The Way Ahead 31 The Human Genome Project is pro-viding a major impetus to under-standing the genetic basis of life. It is, for example, resulting in the early iden- tification of predisposition to genetic dis- eases, such as cystic fibrosis and breast cancer, leading to earlier detection and bet- ter treatments. The applications of mod- ern science are strongest in health care where they offer new hope to patients with AIDS, genetically inherited diseases, dia- betes, influenza, and some forms of can- cer. Biotechnology-based processes are now used routinely in the production of many new medicines, diagnostics, and medical therapies. These new developments are underpin- ning important new international health initiatives, such as the the children’s vac- cine initiative. This will be the basis of fur- ther international health initiatives as new order vaccines and therapeutics are devel- oped. The important initiatives in the health sector, such as the “Roll Back Malaria Cam- paign,” are being sponsored by the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and private foundations. These initiatives are mobilizing expertise and financial re- sources of governments, international agencies, private foundations, and the phar- maceutical industry. They are expected to lead to major improvements in human health over the next decades. Modern science offers the potential for similar major contributions to improving food security and nutrition of the poor. However, the large private sector invest- ments in modern bioscience are directed at traits of interest to producers and con- sumers in industrial countries. The current debate over the value of these new prod- ucts is also largely dominated by the per- spectives of civil society in industrial countries. The potential value of modern science in producing food for the poor will not be realized without major additional efforts involving all stakeholders, includ- ing civil society, small-scale farmers, urban consumers, and governm

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