Abstract When several DNAs are amplified by PCR in one PCR tube, biased amplification is known to occur because amplification efficiency differs from one DNA to another. Therefore, we conducted PCR in the water in oil-emulsion (W/O emulsion) to examine whether the procedure allows the uniform amplification of several DNAs. In the amplification of a model library consisting of two clones, the emulsification of the PCR mixture successfully reduced the difference in its amplification efficiency to approximately one-seventh the value obtained without emulsification. Furthermore, we conducted repeated PCR to amplify a model library consisting of ten short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vectors as a model experiment for gene discovery using an shRNA expression library. Consequently, the emulsification of the PCR mixture successfully reduced PCR bias. Our results indicate that emulsion PCR is capable of uniformly amplifying libraries of shRNA, ribozyme, cDNA, and others, and is useful also for gene discovery using these libraries.