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The EMES Approach of Social Enterprise in a Comparative Perspective

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Publisher
Belgium, Liège : EMES European Research Network
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Business & Economic Sciences :: Social Economics [B15]
  • Sciences économiques & De Gestion :: Economie Sociale [B15]

Abstract

Microsoft Word - WP 12_03 Defourny-Nyssens.docx THE EMES APPROACH OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISE IN A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE Jacques DEFOURNY HEC Management School and Centre for Social Economy University of Liege, Belgium and EMES European Research Network Marthe NYSSENS Department of Economics and CIRTES Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium and EMES European Research Network WP no. 12/03 © EMES European Research Network 2012 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 3 1. The emergence of social enterprise in various contexts .......................................................... 4 1.1. Two major US schools of thought...................................................................................... 4 The "earned income" school of thought ................................................................................ 5 The "social innovation" school of thought ............................................................................. 5 1.2. The roots of social enterprise in Europe ............................................................................ 6 2. The EMES approach of social enterprise ................................................................................. 7 2.1. Three sets of indicators for three distinct dimensions ........................................................ 8 Economic and entrepreneurial dimensions of social enterprises ........................................... 8 Social dimensions of social enterprises ................................................................................ 9 Participatory governance of social enterprises ..................................................................... 9 2.2. Locating social enterprises in the economy at large .........

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