Abstract Injections of tritiated l-leucine were placed in the reticular formation of the medulla, the spinal trigeminal and lateral reticular nuclei of cats and silver grain accumulations in the inferior olivary nucleus were demonstrated by autoradiography. Cells of the reticular formation located at the junction of nuclei reticularis magnocellularis and reticularis parvocellularis in the rostral medulla and within nucleus reticularis ventralis in the caudal medulla contribute four distinct projections to the olive. Three projections are distributed ipsilaterally in the caudal part of the medial accessory olive, at mid-level of the dorsal accessory olive and in the ventrolateral bend of the principal olive, at rostral levels. There is also a small contralateral projection to the caudal part of the medial accessory olive. The spinal trigeminal nucleus sends crossed projections to the rostral part of the dorsal accessory olive and adjacent ventral lamella as well as to the caudal part of the medial accessory olive. The lateral reticular nucleus sends an extensive ipsilateral projection to the caudal part of the medial accessory olive and provides a small contribution to the same subdivision, contralaterally. All these projections converge with other known afferents to the olive.