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Laparoscopic Adhesiolysis in Acute Small Bowel Obstruction: A Preliminary Experience

Authors
Journal
JSLS Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
1086-8089
Publisher
The Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Scientific Papers
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate laparoscopy as another tool for management of cases of adhesive acute small bowel obstruction. Methods: Fourteen patients suffering from suspected adhesive small bowel obstruction were explored laparoscopically over a period of 24 months. The Veress needle was inserted either in a virgin part of the abdomen away from previous scars or under direct vision using an open technique. Careful inspection of the entire abdomen was done, and the small bowel was “run” in a retrograde fashion starting at the cecum. The point of obstruction was localized and adhesiolysis was performed, thus resolving the problem. Results: Laparoscopic exploration was able to determine the site and cause of obstruction precisely in all 14 cases, with resolution of the problem laparoscopically in 12 patients (85.7%). Two cases were converted to open surgery (14.3%). There were no mortalities and low morbidity (7.1%). The mean hospital stay was 3.7 days. Conclusion: Laparoscopic surgery can be an advantageous alternative to open surgery in acute small bowel obstruction, thus providing a new technique for its diagnosis and treatment with all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery.

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