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Efficient water use in industries: Cases from the Indian agro-based pulp and paper mills

Authors
Journal
Journal of Environmental Management
0301-4797
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
90
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.09.001
Keywords
  • Agro-Residue
  • Recycled Paper
  • Pulp And Paper Mills
  • Water Management
  • Wastewater Reuse
  • Effluent Treatment

Abstract

Abstract Agro-based pulp and paper mills in India are one of the most polluting industries; in addition, they are high consumers of raw water. Growing scarcity of high quality freshwater as well as stringent regulatory standards is compelling these units to explore appropriate water management options. Based on data obtained through a questionnaire survey and plant visits, this work provides an overview of the water use and effluent treatment status in Indian agro-residue and recycled pulp and paper mills. The challenges faced by this sector are reviewed and practices adopted by progressive units to minimize freshwater use are illustrated through case studies.

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