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Interval Mapping of High Growth (Hg), a Major Locus That Increases Weight Gain in Mice

The Genetics Society of America
Publication Date
  • Investigations
  • Mathematics


The high growth locus (hg) causes a major increase in weight gain and body size in mice. As a first step to map-based cloning of hg, we developed a genetic map of the hg-containing region using interval mapping of 403 F(2) from a C57BL/6J-hghg X CAST/EiJ cross. The maximum likelihood position of hg was at the chromosome 10 marker D10Mit41 (LOD = 24.8) in the F(2) females and 1.5 cM distal to D10Mit41 (LOD = 9.56) in the F(2) males with corresponding LOD 2 support intervals of 3.7 and 5.4 cM, respectively. The peak LOD scores were significantly higher than the estimated empirical threshold LOD values. The localization of hg by interval mapping was supported by a test cross of F(2) mice recombinant between the LOD 2 support interval and the flanking marker. The interval mapping and test-cross results indicate that hg is not allelic with candidate genes Igf1 or decorin (Dcn), a gene that was mapped close to hg in this study. The hg inheritance was recessive in females, although we could not reject recessive or additive inheritance in males. Possible causes for sex differences in peak LOD scores and for the distortion of transmission ratios observed in F(2) males are discussed. The genetic map of the hg region will facilitate further fine mapping and cloning of hg, and allow searches for a homologous quantitative trait locus affecting growth in humans and domestic animals.

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