To investigate the effects of propofol and fentanyl on the postprandial duodenal motility the intraluminal impedance technique was used. Six pigs were instrumented with a central venous catheter, a percutaneous enterogastrostomy (PEG), and an impedance catheter, which was introduced via the PEG into the duodenum through endoscopy. Over the following 3 d, duodenal motility was measured for 8-hour periods. Measurements were taken on each subject under 3 different sets of conditions: in the conscious unrestrained pig, during propofol sedation, and during sedation with propofol-fentanyl. Both, after morning feeding and during gastric nutrition via the PEG, duodenal feeding patterns and duodenal phase II of the migrating motor cycle were shortened during propofol and propofol-fentanyl sedation. In contrast, the duration of phase I was prolonged by propofol and propofol-fentanyl. In conclusion, either propofol or propofol-fentanyl sedation shortens duodenal feeding patterns, as well as phase II of the migrating motor cycle.