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Introduction: reinventing the welfare state

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Int Tax Public Finance (2008) 15: 1–4 DOI 10.1007/s10797-007-9053-9 Introduction: reinventing the welfare state A. Lans Bovenberg · Bas Jacobs · Ruud A. de Mooij Published online: 4 December 2007 © The Author(s) 2007 European welfare states are under pressure due to aging, skill-biased technological change, globalisation and increasing heterogeneity (migration, work and cohabita- tion patterns). Indeed, the demand for public spending on pensioners and education increases, redistribution toward low skilled workers rises and taxation and income redistribution are becoming more distortionary as individuals can more easily adapt their behaviour to government policies. At the same time, welfare states are increas- ingly blamed for sustained inactivity among benefit recipients, elderly workers, low- skilled individuals, and women. In light of these developments and trends, the Net- work for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement (Netspar), CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and the Dutch Social Economic Council organ- ised a conference on ‘Reinventing the Welfare State’, from which this special issue contains five papers. The first paper explores how globalisation interacts with Euro- pean welfare states. The next two papers deal with the relationship between current welfare state designs in Europe and their economic outcomes, with an emphasis on the Scandinavian countries. The final two papers analyse specific options for welfare state reform. A.L. Bovenberg University of Tilburg, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands e-mail: [email protected] B. Jacobs Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands e-mail: [email protected] R.A. de Mooij (�) Program manager Welfare State, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, P.O. Box 80510, 2508 GM The Hague, The Netherlands e-mail: [email protected] 2 A.L. Bovenberg et al. Atkinson explores the impact of globalisation, which tends to intensify intern

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