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Solvothermal synthesis and photoluminescence properties of ZnO nanorods and nanorod assemblies from ZnO2nanoparticles

Authors
Journal
Materials Letters
0167-577X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
62
Issue
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2007.11.083
Keywords
  • Crystal Growth
  • Optical Materials And Properties
  • Semiconductors
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract Without the use of any extra surfactant or template, hexagonal phase ZnO crystallites consisting of individual nanorods or nanorod assemblies were synthesized simply by solvothermal treatment of several nanometer ZnO 2 nanoparticles in three different solvents (including ethanol, 80 wt.% hydrazine hydrate aqueous solution and ethylenediamine) at 150 °C for 24 h. The structures and optical properties of the resultant products were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and room temperature photoluminescence (RTPL) spectra. The RTPL spectra of the resultant products all showed a much stronger ultraviolet bandgap emission peaking at around 387 nm and a weaker emission associated with the defect level. The as-synthesized ZnO crystallites are promising materials for the optoelectronic devices due to their excellent UV emission properties.

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