Abstract There is evidence that adrenal blood flow may be regulated in part by neuropeptides released from the capsular region of the adrenal gland in response to splanchnic nerve stimulation. The present study investigated the effects of various neuropeptides on the rate of perfusion medium flow through an intact in situ perfused rat adrenal preparation. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) had the greatest effect, causing a 136% increase in flow at the highest dose used (10 nmol in a 200 μl bolus). Of the other peptides tested Met-enkephalin caused a 50% increase in flow, and the others (Leu-enkephalin, neurotensin and substance P) had only a minor effect, increasing perfusion medium flow rate by no more than around 35%. Neuropeptide Y, in contrast, caused a significant decrease in perfusion medium flow rate: the maximum effect was a 30% decrease with a dose of 1 nmol in a 200 μl bolus. The significance of this observation awaits elucidation. It is clear from the actions of the neuropeptides tested that they may have a significant role in the regulation of adrenal blood flow. In view of the findings of other authors: that VIP is released in response to splanchnic nerve stimulation, and that it is specifically localised in the capsular region of the adrenal, it seems most likely that VIP is the major peptide involved in mediating the increased adrenal blood flow following splanchnic nerve stimulation.