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Polymerization of Pu(IV) in aqueous nitric acid solutions

Authors
Journal
Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry
0022-1902
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
43
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0022-1902(81)80645-8

Abstract

Abstract The polymerization of Pu(IV) in aqueous nitric acid solutions has been studied spectrophotometrically both to determine the effects of large UO 2(NO 3) 2 concentrations on the polymerization rates and, more generally, to review the influence of other major parameters on the polymer reaction. Typically, experiments have been performed at 50°C and at 0.05M Pu in aqueous solutions of HNO 3 at concentrations ranging from 0.07 to 0.4M. An induction period usually precedes the polymer growth stage, during which time it is believed that primary hydrolysis products form and begin to aggregate. Uranyl nitrate retards the polymerization reaction by approximately 35% despite the counteracting influence of the nitrate ions associated with this solute. The rate of polymer formation at 50°C has been shown to be third order in Pu(IV) concentration.

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