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Shotgun haplotyping: a novel method for surveying allelic sequence variation

Nucleic Acids Research
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gni152
  • Methods Online
  • Biology
  • Computer Science
  • Medicine


Haplotypic sequences contain significantly more information than genotypes of genetic markers and are critical for studying disease association and genome evolution. Current methods for obtaining haplotypic sequences require the physical separation of alleles before sequencing, are time consuming and are not scaleable for large surveys of genetic variation. We have developed a novel method for acquiring haplotypic sequences from long PCR products using simple, high-throughput techniques. This method applies modified shotgun sequencing protocols to sequence both alleles concurrently, with read-pair information allowing the two alleles to be separated during sequence assembly. Although the haplotypic sequences can be assembled manually from the resultant data using pre-existing sequence assembly software, we have devised a novel heuristic algorithm to automate assembly and remove human error. We validated the approach on two long PCR products amplified from the human genome and confirmed the accuracy of our sequences against full-length clones of the same alleles. This method presents a simple high-throughput means to obtain full haplotypic sequences potentially up to 20 kb in length and is suitable for surveying genetic variation even in poorly-characterized genomes as it requires no prior information on sequence variation.

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