Abstract 1. 1. The innervation of Rana ridibunda stomach has been studied by the following methods: (a) demonstration of cholinesterase activity; (b) FIF method for catecholamines; (c) immunohistochemistry for VIP; SP and SOM and (d) conventional electron microscopy. 2. 2. The cholinergic innervation is important in the stomach wall where in addition to the intrinsic plexuses there is an extrinsic contribution coming with the vagus nerve. The density of the fibres decreases towards the pyloric sphincter. 3. 3. The adrenergic innervation seems to be almost entirely of extrinsic origin. Fine networks have been localized at the myenteric and submucosal plexuses. The fibres density increases at the pylorus. 4. 4. At the myenteric plexus, apart from the cholinergic neurons, we have found VIP and SOM like cells. 5. 5. The VIP like plexus is very well developed. A SOM like plexus is also present but with scarce fibres in comparison with the VIPergic one. 6. 6. The submucosal plexus is exclusively made by nervous fibres of the types described for the myenteric one. 7. 7. We have got positive immunoreactivity for SP only on the fibres. They are scarce in the stomach wall, only at the pyloric region their density increases. 8. 8. We describe the ultrastructural morphological characteristics of the enteric neurons as well as the fine inter-relationships between the nervous elements and the functional components of the stomach wall.