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Large reversible magnetocaloric effect inRMn2(R = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds

Authors
Journal
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
0925-8388
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
575
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.03.185
Keywords
  • Rmn2Compounds
  • Magnetocaloric Effect
  • Magnetic Entropy Change
  • Magnetic Refrigeration Capacity

Abstract

Abstract Magnetocaloric effect (MCE) of RMn2 (R=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) compounds are investigated. TbMn2 and DyMn2 crystallize in cubic Laves phase structure (C15 type), whereas HoMn2 and ErMn2 crystallize in hexagonal Laves phase structure (C14 type). For TbMn2 compound, the field-induced metamagnetic transition accompanying a spontaneous cell volume expansion is observed (inverse MCE), which leads to a large positive value (8.3Jkg−1K−1) of magnetic entropy change around 36K under the field change of 0–1T, while the maximal values of magnetic entropy change (ΔSM) and the refrigerant capacity (RC) for other RMn2 (R=Dy, Ho, Er) compounds are −15.7, −18.4, −25.5Jkg−1K−1 and 403.6, 404.3, 316.0Jkg−1 around their TC with negligible thermal and magnetic hysteresis loss for the field change of 0–5T, respectively. The results suggest that RMn2 (R=Dy, Ho, Er) may be appropriate candidates for magnetic refrigerant working at low temperature region 10–80K.

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