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John Andree's "Essay on Gonorrhoea".

Medical History
Cambridge University Press
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Texts and Documents JOHN ANDREE'S "ESSAY ON GONORRHOEA" by LEON ELAUT* THE CONTRIBUrION of John Andree junior to the exact knowledge of gonorrhoea and the lesions caused by the disease have been undervalued. Textbooks of medical history and papers concerned with concepts of the disease ignore him almost completely, acknowledging only John Hunter and Benjamin Bell as leading venereologists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. J. K. Prokschl was the first to notice Andree, whom he called an inspired and brilliant investigator. Therefore it seems worth while to enquire into Andree's writings in order to learn more about his work. The Dictionary of national biography2 gives nearly all that is known of Andree's life and medical activities. He was born about 1740, the son of Dr. John Andree senior, and apprenticed at The London Hospital. He was successively lecturer in anatomy, surgeon to Magdalen Hospital, to the Finsbury Dispensary, and to St. Clement Danes' Workhouse. He practised for a time in Hertford, and finally came back to London, where he died some timne after 1819. Although not the first to per- form tracheotomy for the relief of diphtheria, he was the first to attract attention to this life-saving surgical procedure. Andree's most important published works refer to venereal disease. In 1779 he published an Essay on gonorrhoea and Observations on the theory and cure of the venereal disease. In 1781 a second edition, improved and enlarged, of the former was issued under the title An essay on the theory and cure of the venereal gonorrhoea and its consequent diseases.8 From this work we can assess Andree's specific part in the controversies concerning this disease at the end of the eighteenth century. In 1786 John Hunter published his Treatise on the venereal disease.4 Hunter was considered to be England's foremost clinical pathologist and teacher at that time. Without doubt Andree knew Hunter's opinions, as may be inferred from quotations in his Essay.5 Hunter's trea

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