Revealing liniations of the positivist methods in present geographical research, this papers intends to examine the non-positivist traditions in modern geographical epistemologies and show the practical non-positivist research examples of Korean traditional clan villages and old walled-town plans applying the methods of plenomenology and structural linguistics. Traditional clan villages are usually de fined by feng-sui aspects(風水局面) of mountains and waters. The whole landscape of a village is marked by feelings of solemness and insideness generated by ancestor's relics, mythical symbols such as tombs, shrines, divine trees, and other landscape elements of that place. The village dwellers confront with their own particular landscapes through everyday living and they experience the particular security and the identity of places through that confrontations. These particular images of the places work continually upon constituting meanings of village building. In consequence, inspectors must understand the meanings of these places through participant obsevrations, reading the whole landscape empathically. This requires that we should accept both the phenomenological and hermeneutical epistemologies. In applying another non-positivist epistemology, we regard the walled-town plans, as the linguistic structures. Three basic components of the symbolic structures of the walled -town plans are typified; plans ( compartments)' points(centers), paths(direction) .. These components are correspond to monemes(morphemes) of semiotic articulation. By this correspondence, it is said that a walledtown plan can be a syntagme(syntax) consisted of three morphemes. These three components demonstrate the common rules of the plan; that is 'langue'. And then three sets of paradigmes are constituted at each level of moneme necessarilly; For example, the plane· paradigme (paradigm) is a set of circle, quadrangular and various irregular planes. The different combinations of the corresponding morphemic substitutes of threecomponents in each paradigm level constitutedifferent syntagmes; that is, different par-ticular walled-town plans. These correspond to 'parole' of semiotic term Also three sets of private opposition cant be discerned; compartment and non-compartment, centrality and periphery, directioIll and directionlessness.