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Influence of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and left ventricular systolic dysfunction on plasma N terminal proBNP

Authors
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Cardiovascular Medicine
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

OBJECTIVES—To examine the relation between plasma concentration of the N terminal of the precursor of brain natriuretic peptide (NT proBNP), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with a history of hypertension.
DESIGN—Prospective study.
SETTING—Teaching hospital based study.
PATIENTS—NT proBNP concentrations were determined in five groups of individuals. Group 1: 15 echocardiographic normal controls; group 2: 22 patients with hypertension, normal left ventricular systolic function, and no LVH; group 3: 24 patients with hypertension, normal left ventricular systolic function, and LVH; group 4: 13 patients with history of hypertension, no history of ischaemic heart disease, and left ventricular wall motion index (WMI) between 1.9-1.3; and group 5:17 patients with a history of hypertension, no history of ischaemic heart disease, and WMI < 1.2.
RESULTS— Median (range) NT proBNP concentrations (in fmol/ml) for groups 1-5, respectively, were: 129.4 (53.6-159.7), 147.4 (54.3-730.5), 137.1 (35.8-403.9), 356.7 (124.4-934.4), and 493.5 (248.9-909). Mean log NT proBNP differed among all five groups (p < 0.0001), and between groups 4 and 5 versus groups 1-3 (p < 0.0001), and group 4 versus group 5 (p = 0.02) only.
CONCLUSIONS—The results suggest that the presence of hypertension with or without LVH (and normal left ventricular systolic function) does not affect NT proBNP concentrations. Moreover, there is a significant rise in NT proBNP only when LVSD develops in hypertension. Thus, NT proBNP remains a useful diagnostic aid for LVSD, even in hypertensive patients.


Keywords: hypertension; brain natriuretic peptide; left ventricular hypertrophy; left ventricular systolic dysfunction; chemiluminescence

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