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Suppression of Root-knot Nematode Populations with Selected Rapeseed Cultivars as Green Manure

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Journal of Nematology
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Abstract

Meloidogyne chitwoodi races 1 and 2 and M. hapla reproduced on 12 cultivars of Brassica napus and two cultivars of B. campestris. The mean reproductive factors (Rf), Rf = Pf at 55 days ÷ 5,000, for the three nematodes were 8.3, 2.2, and 14.3, respectively. All three nematodes reproduced more efficiently (P 0.05) on B. campestris than on B. napus. Amending M. chitwoodi-infested soil in plastic bags with chopped shoots of Jupiter rapeseed reduced the nematode population more (P 0.05) than amendment with wheat shoots. Incorporating Jupiter shoots to soil heavily infested with M. chitwoodi in microplots reduced the nematode population more (P 0.05) than fallow or corn shoot treatments. The greatest reduction in nematode population density was attained by cropping rapeseed for 2 months and incorporating it into the soil as a green manure. Key words: Brassica spp., canola, Columbia root-knot nematode, glucosinolate, host suitability test, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. hapla, nematicide, Northern root-knot nematode, organic amendment, reproductive factor.

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