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p53 accumulates in micronuclei after treatment with a DNA breaking chemical, methylnitrosourea, and with the spindle poison, vinblastine

Authors
Journal
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
0027-5107
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
352
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0027-5107(95)00235-9
Keywords
  • P53
  • Micronuclei
  • Vinblastine
  • N-Methyl-N-Nitrosourea
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Micronuclei (MN) induced by N-methyl- N-nitrosourea (MNU) or vinblastine in cultured mammalian cells were analyzed for the accumulation of p53 by immunocytochemical staining with a p53 monoclonal antibody. Our data showed that MN induced by both agents were p53-negative at early post-treatment times, but became positive at late times. Assuming that most MNU-induced micronuclei reflect DNA damage, and most vinblastine-induced micronuclei reflect damage to the mitotic apparatus, we conclude that p53 accumulation in micronuclei is not triggered by DNA damage per se but instead probably stems from DNA degradation occurring during ageing of micronuclei.

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