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Water injection in a micro gas turbine – Assessment of the performance using a black box method

Authors
Journal
Applied Energy
0306-2619
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
112
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.11.006
Keywords
  • Microturbine
  • Water Injection
  • Steam Injection
  • Black Box Simulation
  • Thermodynamic Simulations

Abstract

Abstract Microturbines offer new perspectives in small-scale heat and power production however their profitability depends strongly on the yearly amount of running hours. The non-continuous heat demand often leads to a reduction in running hours. This paper proposes an alternative by recuperating the lost thermal power through the injection of heated water in the micro Gas Turbine (mGT). Water injection is considered a successful way to increase power and efficiency in industrial gas turbines and similar effects are expected for microturbines. This paper reports on a series of simulations of water injection performed on a Turbec T100 mGT. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential of water injection in the mGT cycle using an adiabatic black box method in the Aspen® process simulation tool. Past experiments with steam injection on the T100 demonstrated the potential of introducing steam/water in the microturbine cycle. Calculations revealed that the key parameters for maximum heat recuperation are stack and pinch temperature. Simulations showed that most of the exhaust heat can be recovered through injection of heated water after the compressor, resulting in an 18% decrease in fuel consumption and an absolute increase in electrical efficiency of 7%.

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