The frequencies of sex-linked lethal mutations arising in hybrid male offspring from various crosses and in nonhybrid controls were determined. The hybrids were produced by crossing representative strains of the P-M system of hybrid dysgenesis in all possible combinations. Males from the cross of P males x M females had a mutation rate about 15 times higher than that of nonhybrid males from the P strain. Genetically identical males from the reciprocal cross had a mutation rate 3 to 4 times that of the nonhybrids. For crosses involving a Q strain, a significant increase in the mutation rate was detected in males produced by matings of Q males with M females. No increase was observed in genetically identical males from the reciprocal mating. Crosses between P and Q strains gave male hybrids with mutation rates not different from those of nonhybrids. Many of the lethals that occurred in hybrids from the cross of P males x M females appeared to be unstable; fewer lethals that arose in hybrids from the cross of Q males x M females were unstable. The relationship between P and Q strains is discussed with respect to a model of mutation induction in dysgenic hybrids.