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Changes in DNA methylation are associated with loss of insecticide resistance in the peach-potato aphidMyzus persicae(Sulz.)

Authors
Journal
FEBS Letters
0014-5793
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Volume
243
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0014-5793(89)80154-1
Keywords
  • Insecticide Resistance
  • Gene Amplification
  • Dna Methylation
  • Esterase
  • (Myzus Persicae)
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract Insecticide resistance in peach-potato aphids arises from the overproduction of one of two very closely related esterases (E4 or FE4) that detoxify insecticidal esters, and this is associated with amplification of E4-related DNA sequences. Some highly resistant aphid clones can spontaneously lose their elevated esterase and hence their resistant phenotype. We report here that such aphids also lose their elevated E4 mRNA whilst retaining their amplified genomic sequences. We have also shown that the amplified E4-related sequences are highly methylated at MspI sites in all resistant aphid clones examined, but not in those that have lost resistance.

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