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7-OH-flavone is sulfated in the human liver and duodenum, whereas 5-OH-flavone and 3-OH-flavone are potent inhibitors of SULT1A1 activity and 7-OH-flavone sulfation rate.

Authors
  • Vietri, M
  • Pietrabissa, A
  • Spisni, R
  • Mosca, F
  • Pacifici, G M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2002
Volume
32
Issue
7
Pages
563–571
Identifiers
PMID: 12162852
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1. The aim of this investigation was to see whether 7-OH-flavone, 5-OH-flavone and 3-OH-flavone, which are present in edible vegetables, fruit and wine, are substrates or inhibitors of human liver and duodenum sulfotransferase. 2. An assay was set up to study the sulfation of 7-OH-flavone, and using this assay, it was observed that 7-OH-flavone was sulfated and the rate of sulfation (mean +/- SD) was 324 +/- 87 pmol min(-1) mg(-1) (liver) and 584 +/- 164 pmol min(-1) mg(-1) (duodenum; p < 0.0001). 3. 7-OH-flavone sulfotransferase followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics and the K(m) (mean +/- SD) was 0.2 +/- 0.04 microM (liver) and 1.1 +/- 0.3 microM (duodenum; p = 0.008). V(max) (mean +/- SD) was 392 +/- 134 pmol min(-1) mg(-1) (liver) and 815 +/- 233 pmol min(-1) mg(-1) (duodenum; p = 0.016). 4. 5-OH-flavone and 3-OH-flavone were not sulfated and were inhibitors of human liver and duodenum SULT1A1 activity and 7-OH-flavone sulfation rate. 5. The IC50 of 5-OH-flavone for SULT1A1 was 0.3 +/- 0.06 microM (liver) and 0.3 +/- 0.1 microM (duodenum; n.s.) and those of 3-OH-flavone were 1.0 +/- 0.1 microM (liver) and 1.6 +/- 0.03 microM (duodenum; p = 0.0006). 6. There was inhibition of 7-OH-flavone sulfation rate by 5-OH-flavone and 3-OH-flavone. The IC(50) of 5-OH-flavone for the sulfation rate of 7-OH-flavone was 3.5 +/- 0.5 microM (liver) and 69 +/- 18 microM (duodenum; p < 0.0001) and for 3-OH-flavone it was 18 +/- 3.4 microM (liver) and 213 +/- 47 microM (duodenum; p < 0.0001). 7. The position of the hydroxy group confers to the molecules of OH-flavones the quality of substrate or inhibitor of sulfotransferase.

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