Publisher Summary Impinging liquid jets have been demonstrated to be an effective means of providing high heat or mass transfer rates in industrial transport processes. This chapter summarizes the available analytical and experimental work in the area with the objective of correlating the research findings. Significant progress has been made in understanding the fundamentals of heat, mass, and momentum transport in these systems. This chapter suggests that, there is considerable need for further research in liquid jet array applications, both in submerged and free-surface jet configurations. Cross-flow effects in these systems, which have been quite well characterized for submerged jets, have received only superficial treatment for free-surface jets. The physical phenomena are highly complex, requiring careful experimental investigation.