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Life-cycle and freshwater withdrawal impact assessment of water supply technologies

Authors
Publisher
Pergamon
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Four Alternative Cases For Water Supply Were Environmentally Evaluated And Compared Based On The Sta
  • The Cases Were Designed For Copenhagen
  • A Part Of Denmark With High Population Density And Relatively Low Available Water Resources
  • Fwi Was Applied At Local Groundwater Catchments Based On Data From The National Implementation Of Th
  • The Base Case Of The Study Was The Current Practice Of Groundwater Abstraction From Well Fields Situ
  • The 4 Cases Studied Were: Rain &Amp
  • Stormwater Harvesting From Several Blocks In The City
  • Today'S Groundwater Abstraction With Compensating Actions Applied In The Affected Freshwater Environ
  • Establishment Of Well Fields Further Away From The City
  • And Seawater Desalination
  • The Standard Lca Showed That The Rain &Amp
  • Stormwater Harvesting Case Had The Lowest Overall Environmental Impact (81
  • 9 μPet/M3) Followed By The Cases Relying On Groundwater Abstraction (123
  • 5–137
  • 8 μPet/M3)
  • And That Desalination Had A Relatively Small But Still Important Increase In Environmental Impact (2
  • 8 μPet/M3)
  • Rain &Amp
  • Stormwater Harvesting And Desalination Had A Markedly Lower Environmental Impact Compared To The Bas
  • Due To The Reduced Water Hardness Leading To E
  • G
  • A Decrease In Electricity Consumption In Households
  • For A Relevant Comparison
  • It Is Therefore Essential To Include The Effects Of Water Hardness When Comparing The Environmental
  • This Study Also Emphasizes The Necessity Of Including Freshwater Withdrawal Respecting The Relevant
  • I
  • E
  • By Focusing The Assessment On The Local Groundwater Catchments Rather Than On The Regional Catchment
  • Our Work Shows That Freshwater Withdrawal Methods Previously Used On A Regional Level Can Also Be Ap
  • When Standard Lca Is Extended To Include Impacts Of Freshwater Withdrawal
  • Rain &Amp
  • Stormwater And Seawater (0
  • 09–0
  • 18 Compared To 11
  • 45–17
  • 16 Mpet/M3) Were The Resources Resulting In Least Overall Environmental Impact

Abstract

Life-cycle and freshwater withdrawal impact assessment of water supply technologies - DTU Orbit (25/04/14) Life-cycle and freshwater withdrawal impact assessment of water supply technologies - DTU Orbit (25/04/14) Godskesen, Berit; Hauschild, Michael Zwicky; Rygaard, Martin; Zambrano, K.; Albrechtsen, Hans-Jørgen / Life-cycle and freshwater withdrawal impact assessment of water supply technologies. In: Water Research, Vol. 47, No. 7, 2013, p. 2363-2374. Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2013

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