Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Overview of phosphorus diffusion and gettering in multicrystalline silicon

Materials Science and Engineering B
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.mseb.2008.10.060
  • Solar Cells
  • Silicon
  • Phosphorus
  • Diffusion


Abstract This paper gives an overview of phosphorus emitter diffusion and gettering as experienced in multicrystalline silicon solar cell processing. The paper gives a brief summary of the diffusion properties of phosphorus in silicon, explaining the nature behind the characteristic kink-and-tail profiles often encountered in silicon solar cells. Then, phosphorus diffusion gettering is discussed with particular focus to the inhomogeneous nature of multicrystalline silicon, and it is discussed how the abundant presence of dislocations in the areas of the material having a low recombination lifetime can cause only minor lifetime enhancements in such areas upon phosphorus diffusion. Attributed to dissociation of precipitated impurities in combination with longer effective diffusion lengths of the impurities, it is then seen that even poor areas of multicrystalline can exhibit a noticeable improvement by phosphorus diffusion gettering when applying a lower diffusion temperature for a longer duration.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.