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Growth models of pure supercooled materials

Physical Review E
American Physical Society
Publication Date
  • Liquid-Crystals
  • Critical-Behavior
  • Pattern-Formation
  • Phase
  • Laws
  • Kinetics


For a pure material, the dynamics of the growth of one phase in a supercooled other phase for the case of a shallow temperature quench is traditionally understood via a kinetic thermal diffusion equation model or a quasistatic Laplace equation model, if order-parameter details can be neglected. In the quasistatic model, the interfacial boundary temperature TR is equal to the phase transition temperature T-m. In the kinetic model, however, growth is driven by a nonzero interfacial undercooling T-m-T-R. By assuming that the growth process occurs at small but finite, identical spatial steps, the growth laws for the cases of shallow and deep temperature quenches were derived analytically from the kinetic model in the limit of zero thermal diffusivity. For the case of a shallow temperature quench, it is shown that the apparent difference between the assumed interfacial boundary conditions of the quasistatic and the kinetic model does not exist.

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