The X linked form of Kallmann syndrome (KAL) and X linked ocular albinism (OA1) have both been mapped to Xp22.3. We have used a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism at the Kallmann locus to type 17 X linked ocular albinism families which had previously been typed for the Xg blood group (XG) and the DNA markers DXS237 (GMGX9), DXS143 (dic56), and DXS85 (782). Close linkage was found between KAL and OA1 with a maximum lod score (Zmax) of 30.14 at a recombination fraction (theta max) of 0.06 (confidence interval for theta: 0.03-0.10). KAL was also closely linked to DXS237 (Zmax = 15.32; theta max = 0.05; CI 0.02-0.12) and DXS143 (Zmax = 14.57; theta max = 0.05; CI 0.02-0.13). There was looser linkage to the Xg blood group (XG) and to DXS85 (782). Multipoint linkage analysis gave the map: Xpter-XG-0.13-DXS237-0.025-KAL-0.025-DXS143-0.01 5-OA1-0.09-DXS85-Xcen. Placement of OA1 proximal to DXS143 was supported by odds of 2300:1 compared to other orders. This confirms our previous localisation of OA1 and improves the genetic mapping of both disease loci.