Abstract The amino acid sequence of the rat 60S ribosomal subunit protein L17 was deduced from the sequence of nucleotides in two recombinant cDNAs. Ribosomal protein L17 has 184 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 21,383. Hybridization of the cDNA to digests of nuclear DNA suggests that there are 17–19 copies of the L17 gene. The mRNA for the protein is about 720 nucleotides in length. Rat L17 is homologous to human L17 and related to Saccharomyces cerevisiae YL17, Halobacterium marismortui L23, Halobacterium halobium L22e, Escherichia coli L22 and other members of the prokaryotic L22 family.