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Investigation of electron traps in SnO2 based varistor ceramics

Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Publication Date
  • Sno2 Varistor
  • Electron Trap
  • Dlts
  • C-V Measurement
  • Materials Science
  • Ceramics
  • Materials Science
  • Composites


Dense tin oxide based ceramics are a new type of varistor materials. To further understand the electrical properties of SnO2 varistors doped with CoO, Nb2O5, and Cr2O3, the techniques of capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurement and deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) were used to investigate the electron traps in the SCN samples (doped with 1.0 mol% CoO and 0.05mol% Nb2O5) and SCNCr samples (doped with 1.0 mol% CoO, 0.05mol% Nb2O5 and 0.05mol% Cr2O3). Two electron traps were detected: trap T1 is located at E-c - 0.30 +/- 0.01 eV and trap T2 is located at E-c - 0.69 +/- 0.03 eV for both SCN and SCNCr samples. The variations in the donor density and trap density could be related to the addition of chromium oxide. The features of these traps are discussed based on the defect theory related to the SnO2 varistors.

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