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Socioeconomic status, depression, and health service utilization among adolescent women

Authors
Journal
Women s Health Issues
1049-3867
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
11
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s1049-3867(01)00077-9
Keywords
  • Article
Disciplines
  • Economics
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Abstract This article examines relationships among socioeconomic status (SES), depression, and health services utilization among 5,735 adolescent women. In cross-sectional analyses, effects of SES on having obtained a routine physical examination and use of psychological/emotional counseling in the past year are examined. Then, longitudinal analyses determine the effects of health service utilization on depression at 1 year follow-up (T2) controlling for baseline depression and SES. SES was associated with medical but not mental health service use. SES and health service use independently predicted T2 depression and an income × baseline depression interaction was noted. The findings and their implications are discussed.

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