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Acute cerebellar ataxia in a toddler: case report and literature review

Authors
Journal
Journal of Emergency Medicine
0736-4679
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
24
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0736-4679(02)00746-1
Keywords
  • Clinical Communication
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Acute cerebellar ataxia (ACA) is an inflammatory CNS disease that is characterized by rapid onset of ataxia in a child under 6 years of age. Symptoms typically occur in association with a relatively benign viral illness and have been reported after vaccination as well. Immunological studies suggest that both involve autoimmune destruction of axon tracts, with pathological and radiographic evidence of a link with multiple sclerosis. The emergency approach should be focused on excluding more significant illnesses, such as meningitis or an intracranial mass lesion. Here we present a case of a young girl with ACA and review the relevant literature.

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