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Conformational stability, the spectroscopic (FT-IR and UV), first order hyperpolarizability, NBO analysis, HOMO and LUMO analysis of 6,8-diphenylimidazo[1,2-α]pyrazine molecule byab initioHF and density functional methods

Elsevier B.V.
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2011.06.021
  • 6
  • 8-Diphenylimidazo[1
  • 2-α]Pyrazine
  • Ft-Ir
  • Uv–Vis
  • First Order Hyperpolarizability
  • Nbo Analysis
  • Td-Dft
  • Intramolecular Charge Transfer
  • Mathematics
  • Physics


Abstract The conformational analysis of 6,8-diphenylimidazo[1,2-α]pyrazine molecule (abbreviated as 68DIP) was performed by using B3LYP/6-31G(d) level of theory to find the most stable form. Two staggered stable conformers were observed on the torsional potential energy surface. The equilibrium geometry, bonding features and vibrational frequencies of 68DIP have been investigated by using the DFT (B3LYP) and HF methods for the lowest energy conformer. The first order hyperpolarizability ( β total) of this molecular system and related properties ( β, μ, 〈 α〉 and Δ α) are calculated using HF/6-311++G(d,p) and B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) methods based on the finite-field approach. Stability of the molecule arising from hyperconjugative interactions, charge delocalization and C–H⋯N intramolecular hydrogen-bond-like weak interaction has been analyzed using natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis by using B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method. The results show that electron density (ED) in the σ* and π* antibonding orbitals and second order delocalization energies E (2) confirm the occurrence of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) within the molecule. UV–vis spectrum of the compound was recorded and electronic properties, such as HOMO, LUMO energies, excitation energies and wavelength were performed by TD-DFT/B3LYP, CIS and TD-HF methods by using 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. Finally, the calculation results were applied to simulated infrared spectra of the title compound which show good agreement with observed spectra.

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