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Umweltgerechtigkeit - Gesundheitsrelevanz und empirische Erfassung

Authors
Publisher
Deutschland
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • Anthropology
  • Life Sciences
  • Biology
  • Sozialwissenschaften
  • Soziologie
  • Biowissenschaften
  • Biologie
  • Umweltpolitik
  • Gesundheitspolitik
  • Sozialpolitik
  • Umweltbelastung
  • Soziale Folgen
  • Gesundheitliche Folgen
  • Public Health
  • Umwelt
  • Bundesrepublik Deutschland
  • Medical Sociology
  • Ecology
  • Environment
  • Medizinsoziologie
  • Ökologie Und Umwelt
  • Empirical
  • Quantitative Empirical
  • Empirisch
  • Empirisch-Quantitativ
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography
  • Medicine
  • Political Science

Abstract

"Environmental justice is concerned with the socio-spatial distribution of environmental hazards, that is, to what extent disadvantaged groups are more exposed to such hazards and how disproportionate levels of exposure can be prevented. In the U.S. the connection between environmental policy, health policy and social policy has been a topic of discussion for 30 years. Other countries have also taken up this issue. A lack of environmental justice may cause inequities in health, a central topic in public health research and intervention. In the U.S. public health experts are calling for a more just distribution of environmental hazards. In Germany pollution is generally recognized as being dangerous for both humans and the natural environment, but without consideration of the potential increased burden for socially disadvantaged groups. To date the discussion of environmental justice in Germany has concentrated on defining social, environmental and health impacts as well as on nationwide political initiatives to address this situation, e.g., the Healthy Cities Project, the project 'Soziale Stadt' (social or socially-minded city) and 'Aktionsprogramm Umwelt & Gesundheit' (action program for environment & health). This paper discusses the relevance of environmental justice for health, outlining how an empirical assessment of environmental justice in Germany might proceed using data from social, environmental and health surveillance instruments on the federal, state and community levels. The city of Hamburg is used for the purpose of illustration." (author's abstract)

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